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Vatican Museums

The Vatican Museums founded in the 17th century by Pope Julius II, represent a collection of artworks accumulated over the centuries by various papacies.
The Sistine Chapel, the summa of the absolute geniality of Michelangelo, represents the fundamental nucleus of the Museum and is dedicated to "Maria Assunta in Cielo".
It was built between 1475 and 1481 during the papacy of Pope Sisto IV, from whence it derived its name. It is the place in which the conclave is held as well as other official papal ceremonies (and also papal coronations in the past).

The frescoes by Michelangelo Buonarroti which cover the vault and the back walls above the alter are a brilliant example of artistic sensitivity and the artist's unrest.
The Universal Judgement, one of the greatest representations of the parousia, mark the end of an era, replacing the strong and certain mankind of humanism and the first Renaissance, with the chaotic and anxious vision of a total lack of certainty, reflecting the deviation and uncertainty of the new era.
The walls of the Chapel preserve a series of frescoes by some of the greatest Italian artists form the second half of the 15th century (Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Pinturicchio, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Luca Signorelli, Piero di Cosimo).

Raphael's Rooms form a suite of four rooms, famous for their frescoes painted by Raphael and the students of his workshop.
The School of Athens, located in the Stanza della Segnatura (Room of Signature), allegorically represents the different thoughts of Plato and Aristotle.
Plato holds the Timaeus whilst pointing towards the hyperuranian, implying his philosophy based on the world of transcendent ideas, whilst Aristotle carries his Ethics, stretching out his right arm with an open palm towards the land, underlining his deductive method based on the study of nature and concrete concepts.