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Flavio Anfitheatre (Colosseum)

The Colosseum, originally known as the Flavio Amphitheatre in the centre of Rome, is the largest and most important Roman amphitheatre, as well as the most striking monument to reach us from ancient Rome.
The amphitheatre was built on the east end of the Roman Forum, begun by Vespasian and inaugurated by Tito, and owes its name "Colosseum" to the nearby statue of the Colossus of the Sun God, originally located next to the amphitheatre.

Used for gladiator performances and other public events, hunting performances, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas based on classical mythology, the Colosseum was surrounded by an area paved in travertine, just like the building's facade.
The inside of the cavea, complete with stairs for the spectators to sit on, is made completely from marble and is divided into five horizontal sections, reserved for different categories of the public.
The oval shaped arena presented flooring partly in masonry and partly in wooden slabs, covered by sand which was continuously cleaned to absorb the blood from the killings.